What Is Syringomyelia? | PetFirst Pet Insurance | Pets Health | Pupstopet

Syringomyelia is a situation which causes fluid-filled cavities to develop inside the spinal twine close to the mind. Syringomyelia is named “neck-scratcher’s” illness in canines as a result of widespread symptom being scratching close to the neck. Syringomyelia was first found within the 1990’s and has been discovered to be just like a human illness often known as Arnold Chiara Type I Syndrome.

Breeds at Highest Risk of Developing the Disease

Syringomyelia is a uncommon situation in most breeds however has been discovered to be prevalent in two breeds particularly:

  • Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
  • Brussels Griffon

Although, not as widespread, there are a number of different breeds which were discovered to be at a decrease threat of creating SM together with:

  • Bichon Frise
  • Boston Terrier
  • Bull Terrier
  • Chihuahua
  • Affenpinscher
  • Maltese Terrier
  • Miniature Dachshund
  • French Bulldog
  • Pomeranian
  • Staffordshire Terrier
  • Yorkshire Terrier
  • Miniature Poodle
  • Toy Poodle

Syringomyelia is mostly present in canines six months of age or older.

Symptoms of SM

Pain is the commonest symptom related to Syringomyelia. Other signs embrace:

  • Phantom Scratching: This is usually the earliest symptom related to SM. The canine will start to be delicate in her neck ensuing within the urge to scratch at her neck excessively. This is mostly seen throughout train. This is as a result of excessive strain positioned on the spinal column from fluid buildup.
  • Screaming: The screaming out of your canine is as a result of ache related to the illness. Severe ache round your canine’s head, neck and shoulders end in screaming, moaning and/or crying. As the illness progresses, it destroys your canine’s spinal twine which additionally leads to excessive ache and your canine might start to sleep along with his head up and contort his neck randomly.

Graph showing the effects of syringomyelia in dogs

Causes of the Disease

The most typical reason behind Syringomyelia is the improper and dangerous breeding of pedigree canines. In order to take away the illness from affected breeds, those that carry this illness shouldn’t be permitted to breed.

Treating Syringomyelia

When treating Syringomyelia, the first purpose is to alleviate ache. Drugs are prescribed to supply ache aid and surgical procedure could also be beneficial. The surgical procedure for Syringomyelia includes the removing of the occipital bone to ease the strain of the cranium and the backbone. Surgery additionally permits the cerebrospinal fluid to circulate usually which not solely reduces ache but in addition prevents additional deterioration.


Amber Drake, Canine Behaviorist and PetFirst Pet Insurance guest blogger
Amber L. Drake, a Professional Canine Behaviorist and Adjunct Professor of Biological Science, has intensive expertise within the Animal Science Field. She has labored with canines professionally for over ten years. Her purchasers vary from personal pet mother and father to massive canine rescue organizations. In addition to accepting purchasers regularly, Drake serves as an Adjunct Professor at Jamestown Community College and Kaplan University. Drake has earned a Doctor of Education (ABD), Educational Specialist Post-Masters, Master of Arts in Education and a Bachelor of Science in Biology. She has accomplished coursework at Cornell University for Pre-Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, Biochemistry at UC Berkeley, Veterinary Technology at Penn Foster and plenty of Continuing Education programs to stay up-to-date in her subject.

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